EAST EGAP holds 14th Meeting

The 14th Meeting of the EAST Expert Group on ATM and ATS Physical Attacks (EGAP) took place on Wednesday 2nd September 2020.  Due to the Covid-19 situation, it was conducted as a virtual meeting and was chaired by Graham Mott of  the LINK Scheme.

The meeting was attended by 40 key representatives from Law Enforcement, Terminal Deployers, ATM Networks and Security Equipment Vendors.

  • Europol gave a central assessment of the ATM physical attack situation in Europe.
  • The ECB gave an update on the latest developments of its Intelligent Banknote Neutralisation (IBNS) Policy.
  • National Threat Assessments were shared by representatives from 15 countries:
CountryUpdate(s) Given By
AustriaPayment Services Austria (PSA)
CroatiaMUP - Ministry of the Interior
FranceGendarmerie - OCLDI
IrelandAn Garda Siochana
LuxembourgService de Police Judiciare
NetherlandsNational Police, ING Bank
PortugalPolicia Judiciare, Policia de Seguranca Publica
South AfricaSABRIC
SpainSpanish National Police, Guardia Civil, Autonomous Police of Catalonia
SwitzerlandFederal Office of Police (FEDPOL)
United KingdomSaferCash/West Midlands Police (ROCU)

Experts from the following organisations also contributed to the meeting:  ATM Safe, Barclays, Cennox, Diebold Nixdorf, Feerica S.A., HSBC, NCR, Oberthur Cash Protection, Professional Witnesses Group, Scotia Security Group, Spinnaker, TMD Security.

EAST EGAP is a European specialist expert forum for discussion of ATM and ATS related physical attack trends, attack methodologies and counter-measures, threat protection, and for the provision of regularly updated lists of manufacturers of ATM protective devices. The latest lists can be downloaded from the ‘Stained Banknotes’ page on this website (bottom of page).

The Group meets twice each year to enable in-depth and technical discussion to take place. The areas covered include:

  • The latest incidents and criminal MOs
  • The collection and distribution of best practice guidelines
  • The evolution of threats and counter-measures
  • Lessons from and on law enforcement

EAST presents at Vigie Billet meeting

EAST Executive Director Lachlan Gunn gave a presentation at the General Assembly of Vigie Billet at the offices of the French Banking Federation (FBF) in Paris on Thursday 30 November 2017.  Presentations were also given by the Central Directorate of the Judicial Police (Central Office Against Organised Crime – OCLO), the General Directorate of the National Gendarmerie (Central Office Against Itinerant Criminals – OCLDI), the Bank of France, the National Institute of Scientific Police (INPS), the Criminal Research Institute of the National Gendarmerie (IRCGN) and the French Association of ATM Providers (AFPAB).

The EAST presentation gave an overview of the latest European crime statistics as published in the most recent European Payment Terminal Crime Report covering the first six months of 2017.

Vigie Billet is a non-profit association created to educate the public and especially retailers of the risks associated with accepting and circulating stained banknotes.  Typically the banknotes are stained by an intelligent banknote neutralisation system (IBNS) which marks all the cash as stolen using a degradation agent when an attempted attack on the system is detected. Ink is a popular agent, which functions by staining cash with a permanent dye. Such marked money is highly conspicuous and cannot be readily used.

Similar initiatives to Vigie Billet outside France are covered by Banknote Watch.



The Evolution of ATM Explosive Attacks (Gas and Solid Explosive)

ATM Explosive attacksExplosive attacks on ATMs are a rising problem in Europe and in many other parts of the world.  In a report covering the first six months of 2016 EAST reported a total of 492 explosive attacks in Europe, a rise of 80 percent compared to the same period in 2015.  Such attacks do not just present a financial risk due to stolen cash, but also are the cause of significant collateral damage to equipment and buildings.  Of most concern is the fact that lives can also be put in danger, particularly by the usage of solid explosives.  Over the past few years the Netherlands has been particularly hard hit by such attacks.

At the upcoming EAST Financial Crime & Security Forum (EAST FCS 2017) Job Galesloot, Security Officer ING Domestic Banking, will share the Dutch experience and also how neighbouring countries have been impacted.

About Job Galesloot

Job is a specialist in physical crimes against ING Bank branches. His main concerns are explosive gas attacks on ATMs, physical attacks on the bank’s branches and physical or verbal aggression against branch staff.  Since 2015 he is the Physical Security Officer for ING Domestic Banking. Responsible for threat analysis, trend monitoring and development of countermeasures. In 2016 Job chaired the Dutch Banking Association Expert Pool IBNS which tested several IBNS systems. IBNS stands for Intelligent Banknote Neutralisation Systems.

Who Is Attending?

Over 150 delegates will attend from ATM networks, banks, law enforcement, vendors, and EAST national and associate members.

Book soon to ensure you don’t miss this great opportunity to attend what has been described as an “excellent event for helping to make a difference in the area of financial crime prevention”.

There are some sponsor and exhibitor slots still available so, if you are in the business of ATM crime prevention and wish to take a space alongside a key audience, see our Sponsorship Brochure for details.

EAST EGAP publishes list of ATM Protective Devices


The EAST Expert Group on ATM Physical Attacks (EAST EGAP) has just published a document with lists of the Manufacturers of ATM Protective devices.  This document replaces two previous lists:

  • Ink Staining Devices (Cash Protection)
  • Other ATM Protective Devices

The new document has a list of Intelligent Banknote Neutralisation System (IBNS) manufacturers and a list of other manufacturers of ATM protective devices.

These lists have been put together to assist the industry and Law Enforcement to quickly identify the suppliers of systems and devices that can be used to protect ATMs from physical attacks and do not include suppliers of systems and devices used to protect ATMs from most fraud types. EAST has taken reasonable measures to develop the lists in a fair, reasonable, open, and objective manner. However, EAST makes no claims, promises, or guarantees about the completeness of the lists or of the effectiveness, or adequacy of the devices offered by the manufacturers listed.

The new document is available for EAST Members to download from the Intranet in the section ‘Industry Information’. This is a living document which includes instructions on how to submit details of manufacturers of systems and devices (if not shown) for consideration for inclusion.

Viewpoint: Do you know what to do with a stained banknote?

In an EAST website research poll that ran from January to April 2016 67% of respondents stated that they do know what to do with a stained banknote, 6% don’t and 27% are not sure.

On this website EAST provides guidance as to what action you should take if a stained banknote is offered to you or comes into your possession. The action required varies from country to country, as does the legal status of a stained banknote.  The poll results can be seen in the chart below.

EAST Poll Jan-Apr 16
To deter crime, money dispensed by ATMs is increasingly protected by Intelligent Banknote Neutralisation Systems (IBNS).  These systems activate in the event of a robbery or theft, and stain the banknotes (typically red, a purple variant or green).  Stained banknotes are removed from circulation by National Central Banks, but retailers and members of the general public should be aware that if they receive a stained banknote, it is almost certainly a stolen banknote, and should not be accepted.

Image shows banknotes stained with dye

The current website research poll, which closes at the end of August, is on payment security when using mobile phones to pay for goods and services and asks the question – ‘Are you satisfied your payment details are safe when buying goods or services using your mobile phone?’  To take it, and to see all past results, visit the ATM Research Page on this website, or click on the button below.